Pope Julius III (formerly entitled Pope Paul III) | Sicciolante, Girolamo



Pope Julius III (formerly entitled Pope Paul III) | Sicciolante, Girolamo


The painting uses oil paint applied on canvas.


J.W.E. vom Rath Bequest


Bequest, J. Pope Julius III (formerly Entitled Pope Paul III) | Sicciolante, Girolamo. 1550-1600. Rijksmuseum, Netherlands.




Pope Julius III short reign (1550-1555) as pope, would result in the development of the Catholic Reformation. Early in his leadership of the church, he faced the “infectious” spread of protestantism as well as corruption of religious orders (Wiesner Hanks 187). which he tried his best to fix. In order to combat these troubles he continued the tactics of Pope Paul III, “he appointed reform minded cardinals, abbots, and bishops who improved education for the clergy, tried to enforce moral standards among them” while also repermanding significant abuses (Wiesner Hanks 187). In addition to this change of leadership, he continued The Council of Trent (1545-1563) where new debates about the dogma of Communion as well as plans for new reformation decrees (Kirsch). Many royal delegations attended the council, including King Ferdinand and Henry II of France, which shows how important it was to state rulers. Protestants were also promised safe passage to the council, so they could participate and possibly reconcile with the church (Kirsch).
Pope Julius III work with reforming the Catholic church contributed to the greater Catholic Reformation, which was trying to resolve problems pointed out both by the Protestants, but also to address religious controversies or deeply domatic subjects. This trend of Popes trying to reform the Catholic church, emphasizes the deeply political nature of church, but also the time period. These reforms would have a tremendous impact on the political stability of Europe, by energizing Catholics and creating a tremendous amount of infrastructure, which would transform the lives of the common man in the early modern time period (Wiesner Hanks 192). It also emphasizes the deep political impact the Protestant Reformation had on Europe to elicit such a massive response from the church.


Public Domain


J.W.E. vom Rath Bequest, “Pope Julius III (formerly entitled Pope Paul III) | Sicciolante, Girolamo,” HIST 139 - Early Modern Europe, accessed March 25, 2023, http://earlymoderneurope.hist.sites.carleton.edu/items/show/117.

Output Formats